Jan
27
2009
0

Causes of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Car Accident Article: Car Accidents & Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

American society is plagued by self-induced stress. Should this be something we pop pills for? Retrospectively, society accepts the unhealthiness of prior forms of medicated stress relief. It is generally accepted that smoking, for example, causes more problems than it relieves.

Why does America swallow anti-anxiety medication so freely, without worrying about harmful side effects? These are powerful drugs that target chemicals in the brain. Medication should be the last resort in any anti-anxiety therapy. First, people who suffer anxiety should be proactive and try to resolve their concerns.

causes post traumatic stress One example of a disorder that is suddenly widely prescribed is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). PTSD was first recognized as a serious problem among veterans returning from war. These men suffered cold sweats, panic attacks, nightmares, and compulsive behavior as a result of near death experiences and the mental anguish of war. Some doctors are now claiming that this same level of shock is regularly induced in car accidents, they cite numbers as high as 9% of car accident victims suffer ‘significant post-traumatic stress symptoms’.

A few years ago, I was in a rather serious car accident, and I experienced symptoms like these medical journals described. I would often upset myself by dwelling on the accident. I displayed obsessive behavior in that I avoided left turns wherever possible, even on deserted streets. I could not manage this out on country roads, but in the city grid I was careful to take three right turns instead of making just one left. Riding in a car that slams on its breaks still causes me to spin around and look behind for the car that always seems to be on the verge of collision. Was this Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder? As annoying as these symptoms were, I find it would take a rather presumptuous hypochondriac to insist that these small neuroses could rival the intense stress of a veteran returning from the horrors of war. Perhaps I was stressed and absorbed by my experience, but I certainly never needed medication.

What I did need to do was to be proactive. I worked with the insurance companies to work out the claims. I spoke with my lawyer and found someone who wanted to buy and rebuild my totaled car so I did not have to consign it to a junkyard. I took responsibility for the situation and did not let it take control of me. It did hurt to think about my car for months, but I don’t obsess about it anymore. If you feel overwhelmed by a car accident experience and all of your real medical needs are met, you do not need a doctor. Talk to a lawyer about your situation and be proactive about filing papers and taking action. I felt overwhelmed after my car accident, but talking to an experienced car accident attorney helped me to answer my questions, address my doubts, and quell my anxiety. No pills required.

Car Accident Lawyer Legal Advice

Car accidents are currently the number one killer of people between the ages of 1 and 37 in the United States. Car accidents, crashes, and collisions cause about 3 million injuries a year, 2 million of which are permanent and crippling injuries per year. 40,000 people die in car accidents every year in the United States alone. The Department of Transportation reports that most of these car accident deaths can be avoided. About 40% of car crash fatalities involve drinking alcohol and driving. Many accidents involve some combination of alcohol and speeding. Additionally, seatbelt use is only around 68% despite the proven fact that seatbelts protect drivers and passengers and save lives. In more than half of all car accident fatalities, the deceased were found not to be wearing their seat belts at the time of the crash.

post traumatic stress disorder articles Reckless and drunk driving is a serious offense and the law treats a car, when it causes injuries, as a dangerous weapon. When victims are injured and killed in drunk driving accidents, the driver can be charged the same as if he or she had attacked their victims with any other weapon, like a gun. A drunk driver who kills a person can be sent to prison for murder. Such dangerous activities as drunk driving and racing are often treated casually by young people, but they do not understand the inherent risks associated with this behavior. Every twelve minutes somebody in the country dies in a car accident.

If you or somebody you love has been involved in a car accident, either as a driver or as a victim, it is important to seek legal council. Remember, if you are involved in an accident, never to apologize or accept responsibility without consulting a lawyer. Car crashes are scary, but apologizing on the scene can fix the blame on you even if the collision is another driver’s fault. A lawyer can help you work out the necessary paperwork and protect you from accusations and court proceedings. Insurance companies have lawyers protecting their interests, shouldn’t you?

Finally, do not panic. As drivers become more aware of their responsibilities and car companies develop safer vehicles, the percentage of deaths in car crashes has steadily declined. When combined with safe, responsible driving techniques, such as acknowledging posted speed limits, wearing seatbelts, and going out with designated drivers, these new cars and advanced roadways promise a safer driving experience.

By: Elbert Hamilton

Article Directory: http://www.articledashboard.com

Elbert Hamilton writes for www.carinsurancesold.info where you can find out more about car insurance and other topics.

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) :Causes, Symptoms, Treatment 

When you have PTSD, you may relive the traumatic event numerous times. You may have upsetting memories. Or you may see reminders wherever you go. You may hear a car backfire 

PTSD from Car Accidents

While few studies have been done on the link between car accidents and PTSD,

Triggers for PTSD – Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

The American Academy of Family Physicians says these people are at greater risk of developing PTSD:. People who are victims of rape, other physical assault or terrorism.

I read something interesting today

Any traumatic event or series of events can cause PTSD and nearly 7.7 million Americans suffer from PTSD in any given year, according to the National Institute of Mental Health

Examples of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

People with PTSD will often have very vivid nightmares of either the trauma or themes surrounding the trauma. For example, if you were in a car accident, you might have frequent nightmares

Jan
27
2009
0

War Post Traumatic Stress

Mental Stress of Troops in Iraq No Bar to Duty, US Says

The Pentagon could extend combat tours in Iraq despite an official report showing that hundreds of thousands of US troops who have been involved in at least one war zone in Iraq or Afghanistan are experiencing serious psychological problems, including post-traumatic stress disorder.

According to the Pentagon’s own mental health taskforce, US troops have been undertaking higher levels of sustained combat duty than that experienced by soldiers during the war in Vietnam and in the second world war.

post traumatic stress articles It found that 38% of soldiers, 31% of marines, 49% of national guard members and 43% of marine reservists showed symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder or other psychological problems within three months of returning from active duty. Its report also noted inadequate mental healthcare and facilities, and prejudice over mental health problems.

The US has about 155,000 troops in Iraq, most of whom typically spend 15 months in combat zones with a guaranteed 12 months at home. But that is a breach of the Pentagon’s own rules saying equal time should be spent on and off duty.

This week, Peter Geren, acting army secretary, told Congress that extended stints of frontline duty could be ordered if President Bush opted to push the 30,000-strong troop surge in Iraq beyond September. The senate armed services committee heard that while no decisions had been made, plans had to be started.

Yesterday, Vice-Admiral Donald Arthur, co-chairman of the Pentagon’s mental health taskforce, said there was "no doubt" that more numerous and lengthier deployments were exacerbating mental health problems. "Not since Vietnam have we seen this level of combat," he said.

pictures of post traumatic stressThe taskforce’s report said symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder and traumatic brain injury – the two "signature injuries" associated with service in Iraq and Afghanistan – included anger and substance abuse. And soldiers’ reticence meant the problem was probably greater than research indicated. The report also questioned the practice of returning troops to frontline duty while they were taking medication such as lithium or Prozac.

A cut in combat duties to lessen psychological stress was also urged by an army study based on research in Iraq last year. But that proposal was rejected this week by a senior aide to the ground forces commander in Iraq. Brigadier-General Joseph Anderson told USA Today: "We would never get the job done."

© Guardian News & Media 2008
Published: 6/20/2007

Prevention of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: Study of PTSD

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is related to anxiety triggered by extreme trauma. PTSD is an affliction related to war veterans but can strike anyone at anytime.

Forever at War: Veterans’ Everyday Battles with Post-traumatic Stress …

Forever at War: Veterans’ Everyday Battles with Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

Homeless Veterans

Since the Vietnam War, rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been steadily increasing and PTSD rates from the Iraq Conflict are at an all-time high. PTSD is not new

PTSD and the Purple Heart

Just two weeks before the inauguration of President Barack Obama, the Pentagon announced that it would not award the Purple Heart to war veterans who suffer from post-traumatic stress..

Military & Veterans: Politics for the deserving: Veterans …

.. especially as it relates to post-traumatic stress disorder and traumatic brain injury, will improve under the new leadership.


 
Jan
26
2009
1

DSM IV Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (dsm iv ptsd)

Guide to DSM-IV Diagnoses: Anxiety Disorders

Looks at DSM-IV Diagnoses in the Anxiety Disorders category including GAD, OCD, PTSD, panic disorder, and phobias including agoraphobia. Includes examples and movies that portray the disorders in question. Written for the layperson.

Anxiety Disorders are diagnosed when people consistently feel fear and experience abnormal sympathetic nervous system arousal (aka the fight-or-flight reaction) despite the fact that there is no real threat or danger to the person, and to the point that it is interfering with their day-to-day lives.

complete dsm iv

We’ll look at each of the major Anxiety Disorders below, along with movies that portray, some more successfully than others, the symptoms.

Specific Phobia

By definition, a phobia is a fear of something specific. The fear of that thing has become so general that the person may react with fear to the thing’s name, description, or even to caricatures or cartoons of it.

Phobias are broken into 5 categories:

1. Animal type – snakes, spiders, dogs, rats, bats, and other living creatures fall into this category.

2. Natural environment type – these are triggered by things found in nature: storms, fire, heights, darkness, large bodies of water, etc.

3. Situational type – these are triggered by a particular situation, such as having to deal with bridges, elevators, flying, dentists, tunnels, etc.

4. Blood-injected-injury type – needles, injury, and blood are the most common blood-injected-injury types of phobias, and this type is different from the others in that people with this type of phobia are much more likely to faint when faced with the feared stimulus

5. Other type – Fears that don’t fit the other four categories go here; for example, fears of choking, vomiting, or clowns (nice how I put those together, eh?), would go here.

** Movies that portray phobias: The Truman Show, Vertigo, Arachnophobia

** Note: Though Indiana Jones is everyone’s favorite example of someone with an animal-type phobia, he actually isn’t nearly scared enough of snakes to be diagnosable with a phobia.

Remember in Raiders of the Lost Ark when Indy has to go down into the Well of Souls to find the Ark? He may hate snakes, but he functions extremely well around them. If he had a real phobia, he wouldn’t be able to think straight, let alone help Sallah get the Ark out or find an escape after Marion is sealed in with him.

dsm 4 diagnosis

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is an ongoing problem with "free-floating" anxiety; that is, with anxiety that is not attached to anything, the way it might be "attached" to dogs in someone with a phobia of dogs. People with GAD often have a lot of small stressors, which psychologists call "hassles," working together in their lives.

** Movies that portray GAD: Annie Hall, Analyze This, Manhattan

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is characterized by obsessions (thoughts and feelings of dread that won’t go away) that are relieved by compulsions (ritualistic behaviors that ward off the fear caused by the obsession).

Psychologists originally thought that OCD was existential or symbolic in nature. They believed, for example, that fears of germs and compulsive washing were thought to be because the person somehow felt soiled, dirty, or contaminated.

Though some OCD may in fact be symbolic or existential, in many people it seems to have a strong biological component. Medications that increase the brain chemical serotonin seem to reduce OCD symptoms significantly in many patients.

** Movies that portray OCD: As Good As It Gets, Matchstick Men

Panic Disorder

Panic disorder is diagnosed in people who are having repeated panic attacks. The best way to imagine what a panic attack is like if you’ve never had one is to imagine that the next door you open, whether it’s your pantry or your office, has a rabid, starving grizzly bear behind it.

Your body would blast adrenaline into your veins, causing your pupils to dilate, your heart to pound, your breathing to quicken, and your palms to sweat. You might subjectively feel that time had "slowed down," leaving everything moving in slow motion. The bear might seem cartoonish, or you might feel like you were watching yourself panic from the outside. (Both of the last two sentences describe forms of dissociation called derealization and depersonalization, respectively.)

Now, imagine having that reaction without moving from where ever you’re reading this. You’re just reading along, no rabid grizzly in sight, and that feeling hits you. Worse, since there is no obvious trigger, you worry that you’re going crazy and that if you give into your instincts to run, cry, curl up in a ball, scream, or fight, people will think you’re crazy.

Now that’s a panic attack.

Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia

Agoraphobia is a fear of being trapped in a public place from which it would be embarrassing or difficult to escape. (People often inaccurately are taught that it means "fear of wide open spaces," but it literally means "fear of the marketplace" and the fear has to do with the potential for embarrassing oneself in public.)

Panic Disorder is diagnosed with or without agoraphobia. Perhaps you can see why, based on the fear of behaving strangely in public if a panic attack hits, seemingly out of nowhere, in a place where other people might see how frantic the person feels.

** Movies that portray panic attacks: Copycat, Benny and Joon (the character has schizophrenia, but she experiences a panic attack on a bus near the end of the film)

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is caused by an experience in which you felt horror and helplessness because your life, safety, or physical integrity — or those of someone you loved — were in terrible and imminent danger (or you believed they were).

Rape and war are two of the most common causes of PTSD; something about knowing that another human being is doing something sadistic to you seems to "overload" the brain and permanently kick it into "fight or flight" mode.

People with PTSD experience ongoing fear in the form of feelings of danger or dread, panic attacks, nightmares, flashbacks, and an overactive startle reflex. They may tell you they feel like their skin is crawling or like they’re "on the ceiling" with anxiety.

If you’ve ever seen a really scary movie, that jumpiness you feel afterwards — where every little sound makes you think a serial killer is about to come crashing through the window — is a very, very mild example of what someone with PTSD experiences almost constantly.

** Movies that portray PTSD: Fearless, Saving Private Ryan, No Escape, Born on the Fourth of July, The Deer Hunter

By Carolyn Kaufman
Published: 12/3/2007

 

Intermittent Explosive Disorder–Diagnosis & treatment

The DSM-IV criteria for IED include: the occurrence of discrete episodes of failure to resist aggressive impulses that result in violent assault or destruction of property

Toward a New Diagnostic System

The authors examine how existing diagnostic categories as embodied in the DSM-IV do not adequately account for the interplay between maladaptive behavior on the one hand, and children…

Caffeine-Related Psychiatric Disorders

Diagnostic criteria for the 4 psychiatric disorders are described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR)

PsycNET – Display Record

Structured clinical interview for DSMIV personality disorders

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder DSM IV Criteria

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder DSM IV Criteria – 309.81 DSM-IV Criteria for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder A.

 
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Jan
25
2009
0

ptsd Military and War Related

I Will Not be Broken, The Effects of War

About the effects of war on soldiers as they return home…

Americans start to feel the ripple effects of war and violence.

The United States is at war, and the home front is hurting. One and a half million Americans have served in military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Over 4,000 are dead. Nearly thirty thousand have been physically wounded. Over 300,000 now suffer from invisible psychological wounds. Traumatic Brain Injury and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder have been called the signature injuries of these conflicts. According to research at the Rand Corporation and Centers for Disease Control, there has been a significant increase in rates of suicide, alcohol and drug abuse, homelessness and domestic violence among returning service members. Making the transition from soldier to citizen is not simple or easy, but each of us can play a role to reach out with respect and empathy during this crucial time of transition.

ptsd syndrome
There are ways to work through the effects of war: Rise above. Give back.

For many soldiers, war is their "peak experience." They have gone through an adrenaline rush of tests, physical, mental and psychological. Coming down from this level of intensity to engage in more prosaic day-to-day activities at home is a challenge. But normalization after demobilization is key to finding future happiness and health. It’s important not to let a war experience be the end of one’s growth. Living in the pastgetting "stuck" therecan lead to a victim mentality. And victimhood is an unhealthy trap for too many who feel they can’t quite move on from their battlefield experience. At Survivor Corps, we have developed a five-step program to help veterans and their families move forward positively. I learned these five steps after stepping on a landmine in Israel and then working with thousands of victims of war and violence worldwide.

FACE FACTS – We can’t keep a battle mindset forever. Baghdad may feel close, but it is a world away. What we saw or did in battle cannot be changed. There is no turning back the clock. Isolation, anger and resentment are common feelings. Many people will not understand what you went through. But many will. Our relatives and friends want to help but many don’t know exactly how.

CHOOSE LIFE – We all have inherent strengths and coping mechanisms. Think about what got you through your toughest times, and what you did well. Was it your faith? Your sense of humor? Your friendships? Recall your best intentions in serving your country. Then imagine a kick-ass future that is positive and purposeful.

REACH OUT – Traditional trauma and grief counseling doesn’t work for everyone. If it’s not for you or not enough, try reaching out to peers who seem to be getting along okay. Find individuals or groups who seem to be coping with their injuries well or have gone through something similar. Right now, Survivor Corps is creating online peer support for veterans to exchange experiences. It’s not psychotherapy, just a safe, supportive community of people who are overcoming the effects of violence and war, together.

GET MOVING – No one else can make us log on, reach out or get out of the house. We have to do our own survivor sit-ups to get in shape for future life. We can set specific achievable objectives to move forward, upward and onward. Yes, it takes effort, but you’ve already proven you can get through tough times. What the hell, it’s a new day, so get out and go workout, apply for that job, join others to serve or volunteer in your community.

GIVE BACK – No matter how bad it seems, there are others who have been there, or somewhere worse. When you feel ready, look for ways to help other veterans, National Guard, Reservists, and their families who may be struggling. This will not only help them, but help you by taking emphasis off your own pain and focusing energy on others. You might be surprised to find that the same service mentality that brought you overseas can ease pain at home, helping you feel accomplished and connected again.

ptsd flashbacks
We at Survivor Corps are building a movement of survivors helping each other overcome the effects of war and violence. Together, we rise above our injuries and give back to our communities. We aim to do more than survive tough times, we want to grow stronger and thrive.

Copyright 2008 Jerry White

Join us at www.survivorcorps.org and www.IWillNotBeBroken.com.

Author
Jerry White, author of I Will Not Be Broken, is a recognized leader of the historic International Campaign to Ban Landmines, co-recipient of the Nobel Prize for Peace; as well as cofounder of Survivor Corps. He lives in Maryland and Malta with his with Kelly and four kids.

By Buzzle Staff and Agencies
Published: 5/21/2008

 

Military Testing Program For Soldiers Returning From Iraq

The Pentagon says 1 in 5 service members who come home from Iraq or Afghanistan suffer from post-traumatic stress. Now, there are new programs to teach soldiers how to deal with the symptoms of PTSD

Veteran Filing a PTSD Claim? Here’s Help

Highly, highly recommend Infinity Publishing’s Military Veterans PTSD Reference Manual. It’s available online for free. Chapters 7-10 are especially important

Military & Veterans: Politics for the deserving: PTSD Abuses

The new VA policy with Iraq and Afghanistan War returnees seeking treatment and compensation for PTSD is to aggressively "challenge" patients with accusations of "faking."

Care tries to deal with vets’ PTSD and addictions

"The majority of people with PTSD don’t seek treatment," Dr. Mark McGovern of Dartmouth Medical School told a NIDA meeting this month.

Trauma & Attachment Therapy: NYT’s PTSD in Iraq Vets

Proper P.T.S.D. care can lead to complete remission in 30 percent to 50 percent of cases, studies show. Thorough screening of every soldier upon departure from the military, immediately


 

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Jan
23
2009
0

Post Traumatic Stress Treatment

Post traumatic Stress Disorder – A Spiritual Perspective

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is a disorder of the heart that has been stretched to its limit in order to regulate emotions of fear, confusion, rage, and helplessness brought about by circumstances it could not prevent.

When it happens that the heart, mind, and body become overloaded with negative impressions concerning events that they are subject to while in a state of helplessness or necessary conformity to the circumstances at hand, then conditions are ripe for the inner disorder that has come to be known as ‘post traumatic stress disorder’ (PTSD).

causes of post traumatic stress PTSD is not primarily a disorder of the mind, though it may appear as such, but rather a disorder of the heart that no longer feels capable of dealing with the helplessness that it has had no way of preventing. This helplessness, while in a state of moderate intensity, can produce a numbing of all the emotions of heart and body so that one can live through the experience. But when conditions change and the external situation is no longer present or no longer as stressful, or, when numbing is no longer effective, then the release of what has been encapsulated can occur without any warning, and suddenly, what was a successful way of coping with distress, becomes unsuccessful.

PTSD is not a disease of the body. Nor is it a disease of the mind. Rather, it is a symptom of the limitation of a heart that has been stretched to its limit in order to regulate the emotions of fear, confusion, rage, and helplessness brought about by a circumstance or circumstances that it could not prevent. Under normal conditions, the heart has a way of taking instruction from the mind so that it receives guidelines about what to believe about such circumstances and how to hold them in a way that gives them believability and credibility. But under the circumstance of severe and ongoing trauma or of a single traumatic incident of great intensity, the heart no longer believes that there is any explanation that is credible for what it is feeling or perceiving, and no longer knows how it will survive the need to continue enduring what cannot be explained. This is a perception of the heart rather than the mind, for the mind may hold explanations, but these do not appear to make a difference to the heart.

Often, one who has experienced severe trauma – whether on a battlefield, in a violent or cruel relationship, as a victim of sudden brutality, terror, or horror, or, as a witness of severe violence done to others – first becomes numb to these circumstances as a way of turning down the volume of nervous system overload that is a result of the situation. However, when numbing is not possible, either because the situation continues without let-up at the same high level of intensity and the body’s fear responses are continuously activated, or, because the sense of disbelief and shock have already taken hold, and one has already begun to feel that nothing makes sense, symptoms of PTSD can begin to be observed.

post traumatic stress syndrome treatment

The violence and horror that are the general precursors to PTSD can occur in many forms. They can occur through one’s own being the subject of cruelty, abuse, or horror, or they can occur through witnessing someone else or a group of others in this role. The heart, having come to the end of its capacity to tolerate the pain of its own experience, begins to look for ways to compensate for the amount of distress it is feeling so that its very survival can continue.

The spiritual context in which PTSD develops is an outgrowth of the emotional, for the powerful emotional resonance of PTSD produces a separation of the lower emotional body from the higher, so that an infusion of light from the higher Self which might otherwise transform the situation and make it more bearable, becomes difficult or impossible. For many who experience traumatic situations, the experience, in retrospect, is one in which the individual does not know how they got through it, feeling that something unknown took over that made survival possible. This ‘something’ is often a transfusion of spiritual energy from the higher energy bodies into the heart center so that more capacity exists to deal with the present circumstances. Such a transfusion of light occurs in many instances of difficulty for individuals, for each soul who is severely challenged in life is being helped from the soul level of their being as well as by other beings of light who may be assisting. Nevertheless, where the heart has become enveloped with its own pattern of resonance with energies of terror, despair, confusion, anger or helplessness, it can happen that the higher bodies cannot gain access to the level of the physical self in order to further self-healing. As a result, the physical self who experiences the results of trauma can come to feel that there is no way to relieve it.

There are many forms of treatment that have been refined, today, for post traumatic stress disorder, and also many who are in need of this help. The spiritual incorporation of greater light into the body and heart would add to these, the possibility for creating a bridge of light and healing so that the woundedness of the heart could be held in a different energy than the one it is presently resonating with. This practice of alignment with the higher levels of oneself, carried out regularly, can serve the purposes of healing, enabling many more to find their way back from traumatic situations than can occur at the present time. It is also true that in a future in which such separation of energy bodies might take place, there would be enough transmitted light so that the seamless reconstruction of the pathways between upper and lower bodies could take place as a normal part of the maintenance processes of the entire spiritual-physical being.

For now, both the current ways of addressing PTSD and the incorporation of light from the spiritual dimension are effective means of addressing the healing needs of PTSD, the latter by increasing the joining of the physical self with the self-of-light so that a new energy can enter the picture and alter the disabling conditions from within. Until such time as changes on the world scene make this disorder a thing of the past, ‘post traumatic stress disorder’ will best be viewed as a spiritual-emotional disorder related to the time we are in, with dire consequences for the many who are suffering greatly from its effects.

By Julie Redstone
Published: 10/25/2007


Post Traumatic Stress Disorderzilla attacks Tokyo.

Post Traumatic Stress Disorderzilla attacks Tokyo. Jan. 23rd, 2009 at 11:08 PM. DesiDespair. I’m unsure insecure and uneasy about what to do with myself.

The Pentagon and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

In Monday’s roundup: Debating healthcare reform, the military’s stance on PostTraumatic Stress Dissorder (PTSD), and Torture.

Post Traumatic Stress

Post traumatic stress. in a previous post one of the topics i touched on is the aftermath of losing a patient or rather the effect it can have on you as the doctor.

President Bush’s post traumatic stress

If President Bush develops problems and is later plagued by Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), will he be surprised to find out that it’s very difficult for people who served their country

Posttraumatic stress syndrome and the missionary

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, PTSD, is an anxiety disorder that can develop after exposure to a terrifying event or ordeal in which grave physical harm. 

Healthcare Reform, the Pentagon and PostTraumatic Stress Disorder

In Monday’s roundup: Debating healthcare reform, the military’s stance on PostTraumatic Stress Dissorder (PTSD), and Torture.   Read more…

 
Jan
20
2009
0

PTSD in Vietnam Vets

Emotional Effects of War on Soldiers

Soldiers are in sincere service of the nation. Does war affect their state of mind? How do wars affect their emotions? Read on to know the emotional effects of war on soldiers.

vietnam veteran ptsd

"Will he ever find peace here on this earth?

Before death’s fingers encircle his throat

Or will peace remain just beyond his girth

Abandoning him eternally to a land remote"

Nancy L. Meek, in the poem ‘The Sacrifice’

The poet briefly describes the state of mind of a soldier on returning from a war. War is a manifestation of death and destruction. It is an exhibit of all the negativities of life. A war is the result of the lack of peace and ends in leaving no one happy. Wars deeply impact all the nations involved in it. They affect the nations’ economy and the life of its citizens. If a war can severely impact the countries at war, it surely has a grave impact on those who are on the forefront during the times of war.

It is sure to severely affect the true warriors, the soldiers who stake their lives to guard their motherland. Wars not only affect the soldiers’ life but also result in serious emotional effects on the soldiers of war. Wars stir their emotions; they affect their lives and impact their states of mind.

Emotional Effects of War on Soldiers
Many times it so happens that the soldiers have to physically hurt or kill their opponent soldiers. Circumstances force them to end someone’s life. This act of theirs’ brings them deep sorrow. True, the soldiers face their enemy nation, that they are supposed to destroy the hostile forces, but after all, enemies are humans. Though an opposing nation, they are after all human beings from regions across the border. Witnessing deaths becomes an almost everyday incident for soldiers at war. They have to bear the grief of the suffering and deaths of their fellow mates as well. Such situations definitely have a depressing effect on soldiers. Death is bound to disturb the soldiers and deprive them of peace of mind.

While being surrounded by sorrow, soldiers often remember their happy days, their yester years at school and college. The memories of happier days become painful. Moreover they are away from their home and families. The memories of their loved ones grieve their hearts. The soldiers often feel like reaching out to their near ones and sharing their grief with them but their duty towards their nation deprives them of these opportunities. While guarding the borders of the country day and night, while being away from their near ones, they are deprived of the all the little joys in their family. There is no certainty that they will return home when they want; they are unsure about whether they will be able to be with their families when their families need them. The deaths the soldiers face, the sufferings they closely witness add to their emotional crisis.

vietnam veterans ptsd

This constant emotional struggle results in severe mental stress. The undulating emotions that the soldiers have to go through, result in great mental strain. Reportedly, many soldiers suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder. The post-traumatic disorder is characterized by symptoms like nightmares; feelings of detachment, irritability, sleeplessness and difficulties in concentrating. Their homesickness can lead to intense feelings of solitude. Their trauma brings them mental insecurity. The violence, the injuries and the heavy destructions result in distress.

Insufficient care or concern and the lack of heed towards the soldiers, worsens their mental health. The emotional effects aggravate due to lack of proper medical care and support. It is the nation’s responsibility to take care of its soldiers and the moral responsibility of the inhabitants of the county to realize the value of their service to the nation. Suitable medical support should be extended to the soldiers to help alleviate their pain.

Our soldiers have marched to the boundaries of our nation to serve our motherland. We can at least take a small step forward to help them cope with their afflictions.

By Manali Oak
Published: 8/20/2008

You may also find this video interesting "Should veterans with post traumatic stress disorder receive the purple heartreceive the Purple Heart?"

ptsd purple heart

No Purple Hearts for PTSD

Front and center today in the New York Times is an article titled "Purple Heart is Ruled Out for Traumatic Stress"

Veterans Battling PTSD, Depression

A recent survey of West Virginia’s combat veterans of Iraq, Afghanistan and Kosovo suggests that nearly half may have symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder.

‘Imagine’ A World Of Peace,Understanding,Tolerance: Afghan views

On ‘Moving A Nation….’ Above Haunted by Combat: Understanding PTSD in War Veterans Including Women, Reservists, and Those Coming Back from Iraq.

Should Veterans with PTSD be Eligible for the Purple Heart?

A recent article in the USA Today reports that the Department of Defense has determined that veterans who have PTSD are not eligible to receive the Purple Heart

Diagnosing higher rates of PTSD

In an April study by the Rand Corp., nearly 20 percent of Iraq and Afghanistan veterans surveyed reported symptoms of PTSD or major depression

 
Jan
20
2009
0

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Children

16 Signs That Your Teenager Needs Counseling-from Woodstock, Lake Zurich And Oakwood Hills

A variety of behavioral and emotional problems afflict teenage youngsters. For example, some of them seem to have great difficulty following rules and behaving in socially acceptable ways.

ptsd childrenThey are often viewed by other children, adults or social agencies as bad apples, bipolar, ADHD or troublemakers. If your teenager exhibits some of the following behaviors, you should consider counseling for him or her:

1. Hostile or violent behavior toward people or animals,

2. The use of threatening, bullying or intimidating behavior,

3. The starting of fights,

4. Carries a dangerous weapon that could cause serious harm to others.g. a bat, brick, broken bottle, knife or gun),

5. Behaves cruelly, physically or emotionally, to either people or animals,

6. Steals,

7. Highly aggressive or demanding sexually,

8. Destroys property,

9. Sets fires, intending to cause damage,

10. Is deceitful,

11. Has broken into a building, house, or car belonging to someone else,

12. Lies to avoid responsibilities,

13. Shoplifts,

14. Often stays out at night, despite your objections,

15. Has run away from home,

16. Has been truant.

If your child has exhibited any of these behaviors, you should seek a comprehensive evaluation of him by a psychologist. He or she may also have parallel conditions such as a mood disorder, anxiety, post traumatic stress disorder (ptsd), a substance abuse problem, ADHD, or a thought disorder, all of which should also be evaluated.

ptsd child

Your youngster is likely to have ongoing problems if he or she fails to receive early and comprehensive counseling. Without it, he or she will continue to be unable to adapt to the demands of adulthood.

Unfortunately, he or she will continue to be at high risk for having problems with relationships, school, effective socialization and even maintaining a job. If your kid relishes the breaking of laws and behaving antisocially, any number of factors may be contributing, including brain damage, child abuse, heredity, academic failure and/or traumatic life experiences.

Treatment of your son or daughter can be complex and challenging. However, it can be provided in a variety of different settings depending on the severity of the behavior.

Counseling with these kids can be very challenging because they often have an uncooperative attitude and a fear and distrust of adults and other authority figures. In developing a comprehensive treatment plan, a child and adolescent psychologist will likely use information gleaned from your child, your family members, his or her teachers and other behavioral specialists in order to understand the causes of his or her problems.

Counseling and psychotherapy is usually necessary to help your child in appropriately expressing and controlling anger; special education programs may also be needed if he or she has any learning disabilities.

You will probably need expert help in carrying out any special management or educational programs that may be prescribed for use at home or in his or her school. Besides counseling, treatment may also include medication if your youngster has difficulty paying attention, managing his or her impulses or coping with high levels of depression or anxiety.

Since establishing new attitudes and behavior patterns will take time, treatment may not be brief. However, early treatment offers your child a better chance for considerable improvement and hope for a more successful future.

By: Dr Michael Shery

Article Directory: http://www.articledashboard.com

Dr Shery is in Cary, IL, near Algonquin, Crystal Lake, Huntley and Lake-in-the-Hills. He’s an expert psychologist, provides day, evening and Saturday appts and accepts all insurance plans. Call 1 847 516 0899 and make an appt or learn more about counseling at: www.carypsychology.com

Help with PTSD Recovery Here

 

Guilt and PTSD in children

Although guilt is not one of the ‘core’ symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) it often goes hand-in-hand with it.

CPTSD From Child Abuse

I’m 50 (the same age as Michael Jackson), live in the US, have had complex PTSD from about the age of 7 due to child abuse.

Articles on Child Abuse | PTSD

Articles on child abuse – This article focuses on growing from traumatic experiences such as PTSD. Growing from your pain is definitely possible.

Young burn victims at risk for PTSD

In contrast, 6% of children met the DSM-IV criteria for a diagnosis of PTSD at the 4- to 6-month assessment and none did so at 6 months.

Could your child have post-traumatic stress disorder?

If your child has experienced a serious trauma don’t overlook the possibility of ptsd.

Jan
15
2009
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Post Traumatic Stress Treatments and Medication

Anxiety Disorders: Types, Symptoms, Treatment

Anxiety is a normal emotion that everyone experiences at times. Many people feel anxious, or nervous, when faced with a problem at work, or before taking a test or making an important decision. But when anxiety becomes an excessive, irrational dread of everyday situations, it has become a disabling disorder.

Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension, fear, or worry. Most everyone experiences temporary anxiety, a feeling of nervousness or fear, as a normal reaction to a stressful situation at some point in life. While anxiety is a natural response to some situations, it can develop into a debilitating disorder in some people. It is estimated that about 13% of the United States population has anxiety. Most people suffering from anxiety do not consult a doctor as they believe only "mentally sick" people need to visit a psychiatrist.

post traumatic stress dissorder

The important thing is to understand that anxiety can be treated and that living with constant anxiety is not necessary. Untreated anxiety disorders can push people into avoiding situations that trigger or worsen their symptoms. People with anxiety disorders are likely to suffer from depression, and they also may abuse alcohol and other drugs in an effort to gain relief from their symptoms. Job performance, school work, and personal relationships can also suffer.

Types of anxiety disorders

There are several different anxiety disorders:

  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder – an anxiety disorder characterized by chronic, exaggerated worry and tension that is unfounded or much more severe than the normal anxiety most people experience. Worrying is difficult to control. Symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder include muscle tension, trembling, shortness of breath, fast heartbeat, dry mouth, dizziness, nausea, irritability, loss of sleep and not being able to concentrate.
  • Panic Attacks and Panic Disorder – an anxiety disorder characterized by unexpected and repeated panic attacks along with intense anxiety between attacks and possible avoidance of situations where attacks may occur. Panic attacks last about 5 to 30 minutes. Panic attacks can lead to phobias if they aren’t treated.
  • Phobias. A phobia is an extreme, unreasonable fear in response to something specific. Examples include fear of crowds, bridges, snakes, spiders, heights, open places or social embarrassment. A phobia is only considered a problem when it keeps you from living a normal life.
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder – an anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent, unwanted thoughts (obsessions) or rituals (compulsions), which feel uncontrollable to the sufferer.
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder – a debilitating anxiety disorder that may develop following a terrifying event. It is characterized by persistent frightening thoughts and memories of the ordeal.
  • Social Anxiety Disorder or Social Phobia – an anxiety disorder characterized by a persistent, intense, and chronic fear of being watched and judged by others and of being embarrassed or humiliated by one’s actions.

Symptoms of anxiety disorders

Physical symptoms:

  • rapid or irregular heartbeat, feeling as if you are having a heart attack
  • stomach problems (gnawing feeling, nausea, diarrhea, irritated bowel syndrome)
  • breathing heavily, shortness of breath
  • difficulty in swallowing
  • sweating, or feeling cold and clammy
  • headaches, lightheadedness or dizziness
  • muscle tension and pains
  • chronic fatigue
  • difficulty falling or staying asleep
  • insomnia
  • hot flashes or chills
  • chest pain
  • rubbery legs, tingling in fingers or toes
  • frequent urination

Emotional and psychological symptoms:

  • general sense of apprehension and dread
  • nervousness
  • jumpiness
  • poor memory
  • lack of concentration
  • extreme exhaustion
  • fearfulness or terror
  • isolation from others
  • strong desire to escape
  • feeling incredibly self-conscious and insecure
  • feeling of being overwhelmed
  • fear that you are losing your mind
  • fear of going crazy, of dying
  • fear of losing control
  • frequently feel like crying for no reason
  • feeling angry and lack of patience
  • fear of madness, impending death
  • feelings of being outside yourself, being cut off from reality
  • feeling worried all the time, tired, irritable

examples of post traumatic stress disorder

Treatment options

In general, anxiety disorders are treated with medication, psychotherapy, or both.

Medications for anxiety
Medications may be especially helpful for people whose anxiety is interfering with daily functioning. According to the National Institute for Mental Health, the types of medications often prescribed for anxiety disorders include:

  • Antidepressants: SSRIs (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors), SNRIs (serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors), Tricyclic antidepressants.
    SSRIs are helpful in a variety of anxiety disorders, including generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, OCD, and social phobia.
    The FDA has granted specific indications to the following disorders and antidepressants: generalized anxiety disorder (venlafaxine, buspirone, escitalopram, paroxetine), social phobia (paroxetine, sertraline, venlafaxine), OCD (fluoxetine, sertraline, paroxetine, fluvoxamine), and PTSD (sertraline, paroxetine).
  • Anti-Anxiety Medications: Benzodiazepines, Azipirones.
    Benzodiazepines are especially useful in the management of acute situational anxiety disorder and adjustment disorder where the duration of pharmacotherapy is anticipated to be 6 weeks or less and for the rapid control of panic attacks. If long-term use of benzodiazepines seems necessary, obtaining a confirmatory opinion from a second physician may be helpful because chronic benzodiazepine use may be associated with tolerance, withdrawal, and treatment-emergent anxiety.
    Benzodiazepines include clonazepam, which is used for social phobia and GAD; alprazolam, which is helpful for panic disorder and GAD; and lorazepam, which is also useful for panic disorder.
  • Buspirone is a newer anti-anxiety medication that is used to treat GAD. Unlike the benzodiazepines, buspirone must be taken consistently for at least two weeks to achieve an anti-anxiety effect.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)
Cognitive behavioral therapy, which is considered to be one of the most effective forms of psychotherapy for treatment of anxiety, is also the most studied psychotherapy. In this type of therapy people suffering from anxiety disorders learn to recognize and change thought patterns and behaviors that lead to troublesome feelings. This type of therapy helps limit distorted thinking by looking at worries more realistically.

By Katie Bennett
Published: 8/25/2008

Daily stress and health risks

What is post-traumatic stress disorder? Post-traumatic stress disorder or PTSD can be a debilitating condition that can occur after exposure to a terrifying event or ordeal

Trauma and PTSD – Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Treatment

Trauma is something that most of us will be forced to cope with at some point on our life journey. Indeed, it’s estimated that between 50% to 90% of us will have to cope with it at some time or other

PostTraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) :Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): Causes, Symptoms, Treatment … Definition Post-traumatic stress disorder is a type of anxiety disorder.

www.myhypnosisnews.com Playing the video game

This is only a first step in showing that this might be a viable approach to preventing post traumatic stress disorder,’ said Dr Emily Holmes of the Department of Psychiatry at Oxford University.

Tetris a cure for post-traumatic stress disorder

Exposure to terrifying or highly stressful events can be really traumatic. If you’re feeling the strains of post-traumatic stress, perhaps a bit of Tetris will make it all better

 
Jan
15
2009
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Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome Disorder (ptsd)

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (ptsd): What Is I?

Over the past decade, as I have worked with cops, firfighters, abuse victims and children of addicts, I have learned that there are many causes for PTSD. It has also affirmed my belief that PTSD is real and harmful, not only to those who have it, but also to those around them. It impacts the way we act, react, our motivation and our capacity to feel–well, anything.

post traumatic stress disorder soldiersTerrifying experiences that shatter people’s sense of predictability and invulnerability can profoundly alter their coping skills, relationships and the way they perceive and interact with the world. The criteria for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) are 1) exposure to a traumatic event(s) in which the person witnessed or experienced or were confronted with an event or events that involved actual or threatened death or serious injury, or a threat to the physical integrity of self or others, and 2) the person’s response involved intense fear, helplessness or horror DSM IV p. 427-28). Gradual Onset Traumatic Stress Disorder can be caused by repeated exposure to ‘sub-critical incidents’ such as child abuse, traffic fatalities, rapes and personal assaults.

Nevertheless, not all people exposed to trauma are ‘traumatized.’ Why? In 1998, Pynoos and Nader proposed a theory to assist in explaining why people have different reactions to the same event. They asserted that people are at greater risk of being negatively impacted by traumatic events if any of the following are present: 1) they have experienced other traumatic events within the preceding 6 months, 2) they were already stressed out or depressed at the time of the event, 3) the situation occurred close to their home or somewhere they considered safe, 4) the victims bear a similarity to a family member or friend and 5) they have little social support.

It has been argued that officers, emergency service personnel, children of addicts and abuse victims experience traumatic events or threats to their safety on an almost daily basis. Being abused, not knowing when or if your parents will come home, repeatedly seeing children murdered, people burned in car fires and devastated victims starts to take its toll. People like idealistic officers who joined the force to change the world and protect the innocent begin to feel like nothing they do makes a difference, they cannot even keep their zone safe (criteria 3). This is especially problematic for officers who live in or near their work zone and often leads to frustration and burnout (criteria 2). Children start to feel that the whole world is uncontrollable and unsafe.

It is still not totally accepted within the law enforcement community for officers to discuss the impact of situations on them. Anger, humor and sarcasm are but a brief outlet for what many officers dream about at night. As their condition worsens, many officers withdraw, because they are fearful of seeking help or support for fear it is a one way ticket to a fitness for duty evaluation or will get out and be an obstacle for future promotions. Several studies in recent years have shown that Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is among the most common of psychiatric disorders.

effects of post traumatic stress disorderAnother thing that distinguishes people who develop PTSD from those who are just temporarily overwhelmed is that people who develop PTSD become "stuck" on the trauma, keep re-living it in thoughts, feelings, or images. It is this intrusive reliving, rather than the trauma itself that many believe is responsible for what we call PTSD. For example, I have worked with officers who have responded to child abuse calls and had a child of their own who was a similar age (criteria 4). In the course of daily life children get hurt and have bad dreams. As parents they have seen looks of pain and fright on their kids faces. This makes it just that much easier to envision the looks of terror and agony on the face of the child as their parent beat them. Sometimes this visualization gets corrupted and officers suddenly they start to see their child in their mental re-enactment of the trauma, obviously a much more powerful memory. These officers are much more likely to be ‘traumatized’ by the incident and potentially get ‘stuck.’

Traumatized individuals begin organizing their lives around avoiding the trauma. Avoidance may take many different forms: keeping away from reminders, calling in sick to work, or ingesting drugs or alcohol that numb awareness of distress. The sense of futility, hyperarousal, and other trauma-related changes may permanently change how people deal with stress, alter thier self-concept and interfere with their view of the world as a basically safe and predictable place. In the example above, these people often became even more overprotective of their children, suspicious of others, and had difficulty sleeping, because every time they close their eyes they see the child.

One of the core issues in trauma is the fact that memories of what has happened cannot be integrated into one’s general experience. The lack of people’s ability to make this ‘fit’ into their expectations or the way they think about the world in a way that makes sense keeps the experience stored in the mind on a sensory level. When people encounter smells, sounds or other sensory stimuli that remind them of the event, it may trigger a similar response to what the person originally had: physical sensations (such as panic attacks), visual images (such as flashbacks and nightmares), obsessive ruminations, or behavioral reenactments of elements of the trauma. In the example above, sensory triggers that triggered some of the officers memories were certain cries, hearing or seeing a parent spank their child, returning to the same neighborhood for other calls and, of course, television shows or news reports that involved descriptions of abuse.

The goal of treatment is find a way in which people can acknowledge the reality of what has happened and somehow integrate it into their understanding of the world without having to re-experience the trauma all over again. To be able to tell their story, if you will.

The Symptoms of PTSD

Regardless of the origin of the terror, the brain reacts to overwhelming, threatening, and uncontrollable experiences with conditioned emotional responses. For example, rape victims may respond to conditioned stimuli, such as the approach by an unknown man, as if they were about to be raped again, and experience panic.

Remembrance and intrusion of the trauma is expressed on many different levels, ranging from flashbacks, feelings, physical sensations, nightmares, and interpersonal re-enactments. Interpersonal re-enactments can be especially problematic for the officer leading to over-reaction in situations that remind the officer of previous experiences in which she or he has felt helpless. For example, in the child abuse example above, officers may be much more physically and verbally aggressive toward alleged perpetrators and their reports tend to be much more negative and subjective.

Hyperarousal. While people with PTSD tend to deal with their environment by reducing their range of emotions or numbing, their bodies continue to react to certain physical and emotional stimuli as if there were a continuing threat. This arousal is supposed to alert the person to potential danger, but seems to loose that function in traumatized people. This is sort of like when rookie officers start and a hot call is toned out, they usually have an adrenaline rush. After two or three years, the tones hardly have any impact on them. Since traumatized people are always ‘keyed up’ they often do not pay any attention to that feeling which is supposed to warn them of impending danger.

Numbing of responsiveness. Aware of their difficulties in controlling their emotions, traumatized people seem to spend their energies on avoiding distress. In addition, they lose pleasure in things that previously gave them a sense of satisfaction. They may feel "dead to the world". This emotional numbing may be expressed as depression, and lack of motivation, or as physical reactions. After being traumatized, many people stop feeling pleasure from involvement in activities, and they feel that they just "go through the motions" of everyday living. Emotional numbness also gets in the way of resolving the trauma in therapy.

Intense emotional reactions and sleep problems. Traumatized people go immediately from incident to reaction without being able to first figure out what makes them so upset. They tend to experience intense fear, anxiety, anger and panic in response to even minor stimuli. This makes them either overreact and intimidate others, or to shut down and freeze. Both adults and children with such hyperarousal will experience sleep problems, because they are unable to settle down enough to go to sleep, and because they are afraid of having nightmares. Many traumatized people report dream-interruption insomnia: they wake themselves up as soon as they start having a dream, for fear that this dream will turn into a trauma-related nightmare. They also are liable to exhibit hypervigilance, exaggerated startle response and restlessness.

Learning difficulties. Being ‘keyed-up’ interferes with the capacity to concentrate and to learn from experience. Traumatized people often have trouble remembering ordinary events. It is helpful to always write things down for them. Often ‘keyed-up’ and having difficulty paying attention, they may display symptoms of attention deficit disorder.

post traumatic stress disorder recovery

After a trauma, people often regress to earlier modes of coping with stress. In adults, it is expressed in excessive dependence and in a loss of capacity to make thoughtful, independent decisions. In officers, this is often noticed because they suddenly begin making a lot of poor decisions, their reports lose quality and detail and they are unable to focus. In children they may begin wetting their bed, having fears of monsters or having temper tantrums.

Aggression against self and others: Both adults and children who have been traumatized are likely to turn their aggression against others or themselves. Due to their persistent anxiety, traumatized people are almost always ‘stressed out,’ so it does not take much to them set off. This aggression may take many forms ranging from fighting to excessive exercise or obsession about something—anything to keep them from thinking about the trauma.

Psychosomatic reactions. Chronic anxiety and emotional numbing also get in the way of learning to identify and discuss internal states and wishes. May traumatized people report a high frequency of headaches, back and neck aches, gastro-intestinal problems etceteras. Since the stress is being held inside, the body begins to become distressed.

Summary

After a trauma, people realize the limited scope of their safety, power and control in the world, and life can never be exactly the same. The traumatic experience becomes part of a person’s life. Sorting out exactly what happened and sharing one’s reactions with others can make a great deal of difference a person’s recovery. Putting the reactions and thoughts related to the trauma into words is essential in the resolution of post traumatic reactions. This should, however, be done with a professional specializing in PTSD due to the wide range of reactions people have when they start confronting and integrating the memories of the trauma.

Failure to approach trauma related material gradually is likely to make things worse. Often, talking about the trauma is not enough: trauma survivors need to take some action that symbolizes triumph over helplessness and despair. The Holocaust Memorial in Jerusalem and the Vietnam Memorial in Washington, DC, are good examples of symbols for survivors to mourn the dead and establish the historical and cultural meaning of the traumatic events. There are several events for survivors of traumas that officers can also take part in. These events remind survivors of the fact that there are others who have shared similar experiences. Other symbolic actions may take the form of writing a book, taking political action or helping other victims.

PTSD is real, and can be resolved with time, patience and compassion.

By: Dawn-Elise Snipes –

Article Directory: http://www.articledashboard.com

Dr. Snipes received her PhD in Counseling and Education from the University of Florida. She has worked for 10 years in community mental health and is an ordained Christian minister. Currently she runs an online private practice www.dr-is-in.com‘> Doctor Is In and anwww.allceus.com‘> online continuing education site . Both sites are managed by her husband atwww.datatriangle.com‘> Data Recovery and Computer Analysis.

 

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Jan
15
2009
0

Post Traumatic Stress Help

Reducing Stress and Anxiety.

We all know what it’s like to feel anxious and have overwhelming stress. Most of us experience anxiety when we’re faced with stressful situations or traumatic events. Our heart pounds before a big presentation or a tough exam. We get butterflies in our stomach during a blind date. We worry and fret over family problems or feel motion at the prospect of asking the boss for a raise. Anxiety is part of our natural "fight-or-flight" response. It’s our body’s way of warning us of possible danger ahead.

I was working as a social worker for a year, I have been case manager to many different people. I worked for government agencies for twenty years so this has meant that I work in a variety of areas. I have special training in working with children and families, but there have been times when I have been transferred to work with the elderly and adult mentally ill because of agency staffing patterns. In some ways it gets frustrating being moved from one population to another, but it also helps me learn about different disorders as well as services that are available.

post traumatic stress disorder pictureFrom those experience from my job, I tend to admit to myself that I was suffering from the symptoms of anxiety panic attacks and went in to the doctor to seek professional help for this instances. I believe that the struggle was almost over. I could go in, get some medicine, and start to get better. And then I realize that it was not that simple. There are many treatments for anxiety, and some of them appear to be miracle cures, but the people selling them are pretty deceptive. Anyone who tells you the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder is easy is deceiving you. In fact, it is a difficult, involved process.

However, if anxiety is overwhelming you with fear and stress, preventing you from living your life the way you’d like to, you may be suffering from an anxiety disorder. Fortunately, there are effective treatments for anxiety attacks and disorders. Therapy, relaxation techniques, and a balanced, healthy lifestyle can help you reduce your anxiety and take back control of your life. Remember, that stress is one of the most common disorder among of all ages of the population. Everyone becomes anxious over different things in their lifetime. For most of us anxiety disappears when the event or situation is over, but for some people with generalized anxiety it is not this simple. They are individuals that need to be involved with a professional for treatment of anxiety. This can be done effectively in a number of ways.

And one of the common treatment for anxiety for some people is begin with individual counseling, so the person has a chance to discuss the types of things or situations that are anxiety producing them. This also gives the therapist a chance to access if the person would benefit from medication. As the person advances in their comfort level in their treatment of anxiety they may be moved into a group counseling session. Speaking and interacting in a group setting is a very common fear. Being able to address this fear with a group of others that understand and support you can be very healing. For the people that are so anxious and nervous that they cannot go out in public the treat of anxiety may need to begin with the therapist coming to their home.

physical disorders caused by stress

Many people with severe panic attacks are rushed to the hospital because those around them assume they are having a heart attack. Anxiety may develop at any age in a person’s development. Many times when it develops in adults it is following some type of trauma. This is often referred to as post traumatic stress disorder. This disorder is quite complex and takes a different approach than dealing with the treatment of anxiety. Many members of the military develop post traumatic stress disorder as a result to exposure to intense military action. For them anxiety is one of many complicated symptoms.

Keep in mind that, the treatment of mood disorder is always difficult and it requires several different stages. If you suffer from severe anxiety as I did, the first stage is to get your symptoms under control. The First stage is all I thought there was to the treatment of anxiety – the administering of medication. Basically, the doctor gave me some sedatives and an antidepressant that would help treat my anxiety. This would somewhat alleviate my symptoms and get me into a space where I could be responsive to therapy. Therapy, however, was much more involved. Treatment of anxiety to end with pills is not good. You see, treating anxiety with medication helps you suppress the symptoms, but it does not address the underlying causes. Most anxiety panic disorders stem from some psychological factor. There was something about me that was making me have severe anxiety attacks, and it was important to get to the root of it. Eventually, whatever it was that was causing the anxiety would find another way to rear its ugly head.

Luckily, the treatment of stress and anxiety doesn’t only consist of therapy. There were a lot of other practical steps that I could take to help treat my anxiety, steps that were immediately effective. Through exercise, meditation, hypnosis, and maintaining a healthy social life, I could keep my anxiety at bay on a daily basis. It would still come out periodically, but if I didn’t let myself shut down I could keep the upper hand. I am still undergoing my treatment of anxiety, but it is better than it has been in years.

Crizza
Information on stress and anxiety and how hypnosis can help you with stress management and dealing with anxiety, can be found at our web site.

By crizza reyes
Published: 4/8/2008

 
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Treatment

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Treatment specific information coming soon. Dr. Lisa Alloju is a 1993 Graduate of Texas Christian University with a Bachelor of Arts in Biology.

Dolls and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

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PTSD and The Pentagon : Reflections From A Chair

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Can video games treat PTSD? « Psychology in the News

Clearly, despite the negative perception most have of video games’ impact on children, these games have a number of benefits.

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