DSM IV Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (dsm iv ptsd)

Guide to DSM-IV Diagnoses: Anxiety Disorders

Looks at DSM-IV Diagnoses in the Anxiety Disorders category including GAD, OCD, PTSD, panic disorder, and phobias including agoraphobia. Includes examples and movies that portray the disorders in question. Written for the layperson.

Anxiety Disorders are diagnosed when people consistently feel fear and experience abnormal sympathetic nervous system arousal (aka the fight-or-flight reaction) despite the fact that there is no real threat or danger to the person, and to the point that it is interfering with their day-to-day lives.

complete dsm iv

We’ll look at each of the major Anxiety Disorders below, along with movies that portray, some more successfully than others, the symptoms.

Specific Phobia

By definition, a phobia is a fear of something specific. The fear of that thing has become so general that the person may react with fear to the thing’s name, description, or even to caricatures or cartoons of it.

Phobias are broken into 5 categories:

1. Animal type – snakes, spiders, dogs, rats, bats, and other living creatures fall into this category.

2. Natural environment type – these are triggered by things found in nature: storms, fire, heights, darkness, large bodies of water, etc.

3. Situational type – these are triggered by a particular situation, such as having to deal with bridges, elevators, flying, dentists, tunnels, etc.

4. Blood-injected-injury type – needles, injury, and blood are the most common blood-injected-injury types of phobias, and this type is different from the others in that people with this type of phobia are much more likely to faint when faced with the feared stimulus

5. Other type – Fears that don’t fit the other four categories go here; for example, fears of choking, vomiting, or clowns (nice how I put those together, eh?), would go here.

** Movies that portray phobias: The Truman Show, Vertigo, Arachnophobia

** Note: Though Indiana Jones is everyone’s favorite example of someone with an animal-type phobia, he actually isn’t nearly scared enough of snakes to be diagnosable with a phobia.

Remember in Raiders of the Lost Ark when Indy has to go down into the Well of Souls to find the Ark? He may hate snakes, but he functions extremely well around them. If he had a real phobia, he wouldn’t be able to think straight, let alone help Sallah get the Ark out or find an escape after Marion is sealed in with him.

dsm 4 diagnosis

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is an ongoing problem with "free-floating" anxiety; that is, with anxiety that is not attached to anything, the way it might be "attached" to dogs in someone with a phobia of dogs. People with GAD often have a lot of small stressors, which psychologists call "hassles," working together in their lives.

** Movies that portray GAD: Annie Hall, Analyze This, Manhattan

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is characterized by obsessions (thoughts and feelings of dread that won’t go away) that are relieved by compulsions (ritualistic behaviors that ward off the fear caused by the obsession).

Psychologists originally thought that OCD was existential or symbolic in nature. They believed, for example, that fears of germs and compulsive washing were thought to be because the person somehow felt soiled, dirty, or contaminated.

Though some OCD may in fact be symbolic or existential, in many people it seems to have a strong biological component. Medications that increase the brain chemical serotonin seem to reduce OCD symptoms significantly in many patients.

** Movies that portray OCD: As Good As It Gets, Matchstick Men

Panic Disorder

Panic disorder is diagnosed in people who are having repeated panic attacks. The best way to imagine what a panic attack is like if you’ve never had one is to imagine that the next door you open, whether it’s your pantry or your office, has a rabid, starving grizzly bear behind it.

Your body would blast adrenaline into your veins, causing your pupils to dilate, your heart to pound, your breathing to quicken, and your palms to sweat. You might subjectively feel that time had "slowed down," leaving everything moving in slow motion. The bear might seem cartoonish, or you might feel like you were watching yourself panic from the outside. (Both of the last two sentences describe forms of dissociation called derealization and depersonalization, respectively.)

Now, imagine having that reaction without moving from where ever you’re reading this. You’re just reading along, no rabid grizzly in sight, and that feeling hits you. Worse, since there is no obvious trigger, you worry that you’re going crazy and that if you give into your instincts to run, cry, curl up in a ball, scream, or fight, people will think you’re crazy.

Now that’s a panic attack.

Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia

Agoraphobia is a fear of being trapped in a public place from which it would be embarrassing or difficult to escape. (People often inaccurately are taught that it means "fear of wide open spaces," but it literally means "fear of the marketplace" and the fear has to do with the potential for embarrassing oneself in public.)

Panic Disorder is diagnosed with or without agoraphobia. Perhaps you can see why, based on the fear of behaving strangely in public if a panic attack hits, seemingly out of nowhere, in a place where other people might see how frantic the person feels.

** Movies that portray panic attacks: Copycat, Benny and Joon (the character has schizophrenia, but she experiences a panic attack on a bus near the end of the film)

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is caused by an experience in which you felt horror and helplessness because your life, safety, or physical integrity — or those of someone you loved — were in terrible and imminent danger (or you believed they were).

Rape and war are two of the most common causes of PTSD; something about knowing that another human being is doing something sadistic to you seems to "overload" the brain and permanently kick it into "fight or flight" mode.

People with PTSD experience ongoing fear in the form of feelings of danger or dread, panic attacks, nightmares, flashbacks, and an overactive startle reflex. They may tell you they feel like their skin is crawling or like they’re "on the ceiling" with anxiety.

If you’ve ever seen a really scary movie, that jumpiness you feel afterwards — where every little sound makes you think a serial killer is about to come crashing through the window — is a very, very mild example of what someone with PTSD experiences almost constantly.

** Movies that portray PTSD: Fearless, Saving Private Ryan, No Escape, Born on the Fourth of July, The Deer Hunter

By Carolyn Kaufman
Published: 12/3/2007


Intermittent Explosive Disorder–Diagnosis & treatment

The DSM-IV criteria for IED include: the occurrence of discrete episodes of failure to resist aggressive impulses that result in violent assault or destruction of property

Toward a New Diagnostic System

The authors examine how existing diagnostic categories as embodied in the DSM-IV do not adequately account for the interplay between maladaptive behavior on the one hand, and children…

Caffeine-Related Psychiatric Disorders

Diagnostic criteria for the 4 psychiatric disorders are described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR)

PsycNET – Display Record

Structured clinical interview for DSMIV personality disorders

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder DSM IV Criteria

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder DSM IV Criteria – 309.81 DSM-IV Criteria for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder A.

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ptsd Military and War Related

I Will Not be Broken, The Effects of War

About the effects of war on soldiers as they return home…

Americans start to feel the ripple effects of war and violence.

The United States is at war, and the home front is hurting. One and a half million Americans have served in military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Over 4,000 are dead. Nearly thirty thousand have been physically wounded. Over 300,000 now suffer from invisible psychological wounds. Traumatic Brain Injury and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder have been called the signature injuries of these conflicts. According to research at the Rand Corporation and Centers for Disease Control, there has been a significant increase in rates of suicide, alcohol and drug abuse, homelessness and domestic violence among returning service members. Making the transition from soldier to citizen is not simple or easy, but each of us can play a role to reach out with respect and empathy during this crucial time of transition.

ptsd syndrome
There are ways to work through the effects of war: Rise above. Give back.

For many soldiers, war is their "peak experience." They have gone through an adrenaline rush of tests, physical, mental and psychological. Coming down from this level of intensity to engage in more prosaic day-to-day activities at home is a challenge. But normalization after demobilization is key to finding future happiness and health. It’s important not to let a war experience be the end of one’s growth. Living in the pastgetting "stuck" therecan lead to a victim mentality. And victimhood is an unhealthy trap for too many who feel they can’t quite move on from their battlefield experience. At Survivor Corps, we have developed a five-step program to help veterans and their families move forward positively. I learned these five steps after stepping on a landmine in Israel and then working with thousands of victims of war and violence worldwide.

FACE FACTS – We can’t keep a battle mindset forever. Baghdad may feel close, but it is a world away. What we saw or did in battle cannot be changed. There is no turning back the clock. Isolation, anger and resentment are common feelings. Many people will not understand what you went through. But many will. Our relatives and friends want to help but many don’t know exactly how.

CHOOSE LIFE – We all have inherent strengths and coping mechanisms. Think about what got you through your toughest times, and what you did well. Was it your faith? Your sense of humor? Your friendships? Recall your best intentions in serving your country. Then imagine a kick-ass future that is positive and purposeful.

REACH OUT – Traditional trauma and grief counseling doesn’t work for everyone. If it’s not for you or not enough, try reaching out to peers who seem to be getting along okay. Find individuals or groups who seem to be coping with their injuries well or have gone through something similar. Right now, Survivor Corps is creating online peer support for veterans to exchange experiences. It’s not psychotherapy, just a safe, supportive community of people who are overcoming the effects of violence and war, together.

GET MOVING – No one else can make us log on, reach out or get out of the house. We have to do our own survivor sit-ups to get in shape for future life. We can set specific achievable objectives to move forward, upward and onward. Yes, it takes effort, but you’ve already proven you can get through tough times. What the hell, it’s a new day, so get out and go workout, apply for that job, join others to serve or volunteer in your community.

GIVE BACK – No matter how bad it seems, there are others who have been there, or somewhere worse. When you feel ready, look for ways to help other veterans, National Guard, Reservists, and their families who may be struggling. This will not only help them, but help you by taking emphasis off your own pain and focusing energy on others. You might be surprised to find that the same service mentality that brought you overseas can ease pain at home, helping you feel accomplished and connected again.

ptsd flashbacks
We at Survivor Corps are building a movement of survivors helping each other overcome the effects of war and violence. Together, we rise above our injuries and give back to our communities. We aim to do more than survive tough times, we want to grow stronger and thrive.

Copyright 2008 Jerry White

Join us at www.survivorcorps.org and www.IWillNotBeBroken.com.

Jerry White, author of I Will Not Be Broken, is a recognized leader of the historic International Campaign to Ban Landmines, co-recipient of the Nobel Prize for Peace; as well as cofounder of Survivor Corps. He lives in Maryland and Malta with his with Kelly and four kids.

By Buzzle Staff and Agencies
Published: 5/21/2008


Military Testing Program For Soldiers Returning From Iraq

The Pentagon says 1 in 5 service members who come home from Iraq or Afghanistan suffer from post-traumatic stress. Now, there are new programs to teach soldiers how to deal with the symptoms of PTSD

Veteran Filing a PTSD Claim? Here’s Help

Highly, highly recommend Infinity Publishing’s Military Veterans PTSD Reference Manual. It’s available online for free. Chapters 7-10 are especially important

Military & Veterans: Politics for the deserving: PTSD Abuses

The new VA policy with Iraq and Afghanistan War returnees seeking treatment and compensation for PTSD is to aggressively "challenge" patients with accusations of "faking."

Care tries to deal with vets’ PTSD and addictions

"The majority of people with PTSD don’t seek treatment," Dr. Mark McGovern of Dartmouth Medical School told a NIDA meeting this month.

Trauma & Attachment Therapy: NYT’s PTSD in Iraq Vets

Proper P.T.S.D. care can lead to complete remission in 30 percent to 50 percent of cases, studies show. Thorough screening of every soldier upon departure from the military, immediately


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Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome Disorder (ptsd)

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (ptsd): What Is I?

Over the past decade, as I have worked with cops, firfighters, abuse victims and children of addicts, I have learned that there are many causes for PTSD. It has also affirmed my belief that PTSD is real and harmful, not only to those who have it, but also to those around them. It impacts the way we act, react, our motivation and our capacity to feel–well, anything.

post traumatic stress disorder soldiersTerrifying experiences that shatter people’s sense of predictability and invulnerability can profoundly alter their coping skills, relationships and the way they perceive and interact with the world. The criteria for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) are 1) exposure to a traumatic event(s) in which the person witnessed or experienced or were confronted with an event or events that involved actual or threatened death or serious injury, or a threat to the physical integrity of self or others, and 2) the person’s response involved intense fear, helplessness or horror DSM IV p. 427-28). Gradual Onset Traumatic Stress Disorder can be caused by repeated exposure to ‘sub-critical incidents’ such as child abuse, traffic fatalities, rapes and personal assaults.

Nevertheless, not all people exposed to trauma are ‘traumatized.’ Why? In 1998, Pynoos and Nader proposed a theory to assist in explaining why people have different reactions to the same event. They asserted that people are at greater risk of being negatively impacted by traumatic events if any of the following are present: 1) they have experienced other traumatic events within the preceding 6 months, 2) they were already stressed out or depressed at the time of the event, 3) the situation occurred close to their home or somewhere they considered safe, 4) the victims bear a similarity to a family member or friend and 5) they have little social support.

It has been argued that officers, emergency service personnel, children of addicts and abuse victims experience traumatic events or threats to their safety on an almost daily basis. Being abused, not knowing when or if your parents will come home, repeatedly seeing children murdered, people burned in car fires and devastated victims starts to take its toll. People like idealistic officers who joined the force to change the world and protect the innocent begin to feel like nothing they do makes a difference, they cannot even keep their zone safe (criteria 3). This is especially problematic for officers who live in or near their work zone and often leads to frustration and burnout (criteria 2). Children start to feel that the whole world is uncontrollable and unsafe.

It is still not totally accepted within the law enforcement community for officers to discuss the impact of situations on them. Anger, humor and sarcasm are but a brief outlet for what many officers dream about at night. As their condition worsens, many officers withdraw, because they are fearful of seeking help or support for fear it is a one way ticket to a fitness for duty evaluation or will get out and be an obstacle for future promotions. Several studies in recent years have shown that Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is among the most common of psychiatric disorders.

effects of post traumatic stress disorderAnother thing that distinguishes people who develop PTSD from those who are just temporarily overwhelmed is that people who develop PTSD become "stuck" on the trauma, keep re-living it in thoughts, feelings, or images. It is this intrusive reliving, rather than the trauma itself that many believe is responsible for what we call PTSD. For example, I have worked with officers who have responded to child abuse calls and had a child of their own who was a similar age (criteria 4). In the course of daily life children get hurt and have bad dreams. As parents they have seen looks of pain and fright on their kids faces. This makes it just that much easier to envision the looks of terror and agony on the face of the child as their parent beat them. Sometimes this visualization gets corrupted and officers suddenly they start to see their child in their mental re-enactment of the trauma, obviously a much more powerful memory. These officers are much more likely to be ‘traumatized’ by the incident and potentially get ‘stuck.’

Traumatized individuals begin organizing their lives around avoiding the trauma. Avoidance may take many different forms: keeping away from reminders, calling in sick to work, or ingesting drugs or alcohol that numb awareness of distress. The sense of futility, hyperarousal, and other trauma-related changes may permanently change how people deal with stress, alter thier self-concept and interfere with their view of the world as a basically safe and predictable place. In the example above, these people often became even more overprotective of their children, suspicious of others, and had difficulty sleeping, because every time they close their eyes they see the child.

One of the core issues in trauma is the fact that memories of what has happened cannot be integrated into one’s general experience. The lack of people’s ability to make this ‘fit’ into their expectations or the way they think about the world in a way that makes sense keeps the experience stored in the mind on a sensory level. When people encounter smells, sounds or other sensory stimuli that remind them of the event, it may trigger a similar response to what the person originally had: physical sensations (such as panic attacks), visual images (such as flashbacks and nightmares), obsessive ruminations, or behavioral reenactments of elements of the trauma. In the example above, sensory triggers that triggered some of the officers memories were certain cries, hearing or seeing a parent spank their child, returning to the same neighborhood for other calls and, of course, television shows or news reports that involved descriptions of abuse.

The goal of treatment is find a way in which people can acknowledge the reality of what has happened and somehow integrate it into their understanding of the world without having to re-experience the trauma all over again. To be able to tell their story, if you will.

The Symptoms of PTSD

Regardless of the origin of the terror, the brain reacts to overwhelming, threatening, and uncontrollable experiences with conditioned emotional responses. For example, rape victims may respond to conditioned stimuli, such as the approach by an unknown man, as if they were about to be raped again, and experience panic.

Remembrance and intrusion of the trauma is expressed on many different levels, ranging from flashbacks, feelings, physical sensations, nightmares, and interpersonal re-enactments. Interpersonal re-enactments can be especially problematic for the officer leading to over-reaction in situations that remind the officer of previous experiences in which she or he has felt helpless. For example, in the child abuse example above, officers may be much more physically and verbally aggressive toward alleged perpetrators and their reports tend to be much more negative and subjective.

Hyperarousal. While people with PTSD tend to deal with their environment by reducing their range of emotions or numbing, their bodies continue to react to certain physical and emotional stimuli as if there were a continuing threat. This arousal is supposed to alert the person to potential danger, but seems to loose that function in traumatized people. This is sort of like when rookie officers start and a hot call is toned out, they usually have an adrenaline rush. After two or three years, the tones hardly have any impact on them. Since traumatized people are always ‘keyed up’ they often do not pay any attention to that feeling which is supposed to warn them of impending danger.

Numbing of responsiveness. Aware of their difficulties in controlling their emotions, traumatized people seem to spend their energies on avoiding distress. In addition, they lose pleasure in things that previously gave them a sense of satisfaction. They may feel "dead to the world". This emotional numbing may be expressed as depression, and lack of motivation, or as physical reactions. After being traumatized, many people stop feeling pleasure from involvement in activities, and they feel that they just "go through the motions" of everyday living. Emotional numbness also gets in the way of resolving the trauma in therapy.

Intense emotional reactions and sleep problems. Traumatized people go immediately from incident to reaction without being able to first figure out what makes them so upset. They tend to experience intense fear, anxiety, anger and panic in response to even minor stimuli. This makes them either overreact and intimidate others, or to shut down and freeze. Both adults and children with such hyperarousal will experience sleep problems, because they are unable to settle down enough to go to sleep, and because they are afraid of having nightmares. Many traumatized people report dream-interruption insomnia: they wake themselves up as soon as they start having a dream, for fear that this dream will turn into a trauma-related nightmare. They also are liable to exhibit hypervigilance, exaggerated startle response and restlessness.

Learning difficulties. Being ‘keyed-up’ interferes with the capacity to concentrate and to learn from experience. Traumatized people often have trouble remembering ordinary events. It is helpful to always write things down for them. Often ‘keyed-up’ and having difficulty paying attention, they may display symptoms of attention deficit disorder.

post traumatic stress disorder recovery

After a trauma, people often regress to earlier modes of coping with stress. In adults, it is expressed in excessive dependence and in a loss of capacity to make thoughtful, independent decisions. In officers, this is often noticed because they suddenly begin making a lot of poor decisions, their reports lose quality and detail and they are unable to focus. In children they may begin wetting their bed, having fears of monsters or having temper tantrums.

Aggression against self and others: Both adults and children who have been traumatized are likely to turn their aggression against others or themselves. Due to their persistent anxiety, traumatized people are almost always ‘stressed out,’ so it does not take much to them set off. This aggression may take many forms ranging from fighting to excessive exercise or obsession about something—anything to keep them from thinking about the trauma.

Psychosomatic reactions. Chronic anxiety and emotional numbing also get in the way of learning to identify and discuss internal states and wishes. May traumatized people report a high frequency of headaches, back and neck aches, gastro-intestinal problems etceteras. Since the stress is being held inside, the body begins to become distressed.


After a trauma, people realize the limited scope of their safety, power and control in the world, and life can never be exactly the same. The traumatic experience becomes part of a person’s life. Sorting out exactly what happened and sharing one’s reactions with others can make a great deal of difference a person’s recovery. Putting the reactions and thoughts related to the trauma into words is essential in the resolution of post traumatic reactions. This should, however, be done with a professional specializing in PTSD due to the wide range of reactions people have when they start confronting and integrating the memories of the trauma.

Failure to approach trauma related material gradually is likely to make things worse. Often, talking about the trauma is not enough: trauma survivors need to take some action that symbolizes triumph over helplessness and despair. The Holocaust Memorial in Jerusalem and the Vietnam Memorial in Washington, DC, are good examples of symbols for survivors to mourn the dead and establish the historical and cultural meaning of the traumatic events. There are several events for survivors of traumas that officers can also take part in. These events remind survivors of the fact that there are others who have shared similar experiences. Other symbolic actions may take the form of writing a book, taking political action or helping other victims.

PTSD is real, and can be resolved with time, patience and compassion.

By: Dawn-Elise Snipes –

Article Directory: http://www.articledashboard.com

Dr. Snipes received her PhD in Counseling and Education from the University of Florida. She has worked for 10 years in community mental health and is an ordained Christian minister. Currently she runs an online private practice www.dr-is-in.com‘> Doctor Is In and anwww.allceus.com‘> online continuing education site . Both sites are managed by her husband atwww.datatriangle.com‘> Data Recovery and Computer Analysis.



Those in PTSD recovery may attempt to reclaim a sense of order and strength in their life.

PTSD, A Soldier’s Perspective

For the veteran or soldier whose mind has been compartmentalized from complex PTSD, recovery can take years.

Baby Steps For PTSD Recovery

The first step in recovery from PTSD is recognize it and be willing to do the work it takes to recover from it.

Veterans Battling PTSD

January 20, 2009, Fairmont, WV – A recent survey of West Virginia’s combat veterans of Iraq, Afghanistan and Kosovo suggests that nearly half may have symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder.

PTSD – Self Imposed Prison

I lived in my own hermit like seclusion for so long I’m comfortable with it.


Post Traumatic Stress Treatments and Therapy

Is There Treatment For Post Traumatic Stress Disorder?

Yes, there is treatment for ptsd , but a great first step is to get information and education about the disorder and then to attend a local ptsd support group. Therapy for this can be very expensive and so the more knowledge about it before going into therapy the better. Being educated and joining a support group can help you feel more in control of your emotions, have fewer symptoms, and enjoy life again.

One reason that treatment is often unsought by victims of the condition is that virtually addressing or any discussion of the offending trauma is bound to be quite painful, and stirs in the victim memories and emotions tied back to the event. You may need to try different types of treatment before finding the one that helps you and it is important to find the right therapist and/or therapy so that doesn’t add time to your recovery.

   post traumatic stress disorder pictures

Generally, treatment for ptsd is begun only after the survivor has been safely removed from a crisis situation. The aim of treatment is to reduce symptoms by encouraging the affected person to recall the event, to express feelings, and to gain some sense of mastery over the experience. Recovery seems to be quicker when the survivor feels safe or can get a feeling that there is a possibility that they can be safe.

It is reported that Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is experienced by 10 million people in the US each year, and the good news is that a growing number of ptsd survivors are now receiving successful treatment as more is learned about the condition and multiple therapies are employed to ease its often devastating effects on health and quality of life. Usually more than one type of treatment is necessary to recover and as recovery occurs those treatments need to be adjusted so that the survivor continues to recover, not get stuck in one place.

post traumatic stress help

Survivors of trauma often have difficulty believing that they will ever recover. Very often, they feel on the edge and become obsessed with trying to stay safe. They can also be afraid to address what happened to them and many times family members are frequently fearful of examining the traumatic event as well and this is sort of a double trauma for the survivor. There have been a growing number of reports of ptsd among cancer survivors and their relatives and many times this goes completely undiagnosed. The likelihood of treatment success is increased when these other conditions are appropriately diagnosed and treated as well.

By: Darlene Siddons

Article Directory: http://www.articledashboard.com

Darlene has researched and practiced many spiritual and personal growth paths and now offers these services to her clients: Wise Woman Teachings; Wellness Coach; Crystal Readings; Gentle Touch Energy Healer. Her mission is to teach individuals how to find and maintain their inner balance for the mind, body, spirit. f.ree Inspiration For Daily Lives Newsletter at Spirited Boutique

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Caused by Trauma

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Caused by Trauma – Touch Therapy and Body Psychotherapy Can Help You. It is estimated that out of 1.6 million troops deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan alone.

Tetris to prevent PostTraumatic Stress?

According to Emily Holmes from the University of Oxford, the classic video game of falling coloured blocks could prevent people who have suffered through a traumatic experience.

 Acute Stress Disorder & PTSD

If you are having a hard time with moving forward in life you may have Acute Stress Disorder or Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. There are many signs and symptoms for both disorders.

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder’ Mentalrobics Article

Post-traumatic stress disorder is caused by exposure to a highly traumatic experience.

Ecstasy I aa11 Improves Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Ecstasy Improves Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Under the treatment, patients stopped their usual anxiety-reducing drugs and began a new treatment with twelve sessions of psychotherapy.


PTSD in Iraq War Veterans

Help For Gulf War Syndrome Sufferers By Retraining The Amygdala At Home

Gulf War Syndrome, the illness that has affected many soldiers who were on active duty during the conflict, is said to be a form of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. It affects members of the Armed Forces involved in all conflicts – Vietnam, Kosova, and now Afghanistan and Iraq.

Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome is a surprisingly pervasive disorder suffered by hundreds of thousands of people. It can now be helped by a home self-help course.

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder or PTSD can be defined as the psychological and physical consequences of being exposed to extremely stressful and traumatic experiences. It is the condition that can develop as a result of being confronted with the threat of, or actual death of, themselves or others, for example witnessing or being involved in a car crash or a war. The main symptoms of PTSD are panic disorders and recurrent flash-backs or nightmares.

airborne veterans ptsdIn the field of combat, symptoms of PTSD have been recognized since conflicts have been documented, in the first and second world wars the condition was known as ‘Shell Shock’. Post-traumatic stress syndrome is largely hidden from the general public’s view, but make no mistake — it is real, and it is affecting not only combat veterans, but also their families, not to mention health care providers, particularly med-evac pilots, medics, and battlefield nurses, doctors, and medical support staff.

PTSD is not an anxiety disorder symptom but a separate anxiety condition.
If you feel that PTSD may form a part of your own illness you can now do something about it. As with all anxiety disorders, it can be easily, quickly and permanently addressed and eliminated by ‘reprogramming’ the Amygdala Gland.

The amygdala gland belongs to the limbic system and plays an important part in the development of emotions and anxiety levels, amongst other functions. It was only recently (1989, New York Medical University) that scientists discovered the role of the amygdala gland in storing and releasing emotional trauma. A simple way to locate the amygdala gland is by placing your thumbs in your ears, and then place your middle fingers near the inside corners of your eyes. The amygdala gland is found about 1" into the forehead where your index fingers fall.

combat and ptsd

This is the one mechanism in each and every one of us that causes, creates, stores and activates the response which causes anxiety, panic attacks and phobias.

The Amygdala is like a switch. Under normal circumstances, it remains in the ‘off’ position, only becoming activated when appropriate anxiety is required, in times of appropriate danger or threat for example. A certain amount of stress or anxiety is necessary in order for us to actually deal with a difficult situation.

However, repeated activation of this ‘switch’, during times of stress, sadness, grief or anger for example, can cause it to become ‘stuck’ in the ‘on’ position. This allows acute anxiety disorders, panic attacks and phobias to develop.
This happens when the Amygdala learns new behaviour. Because it has been taught a new level of anxiety through your anxious behaviour, it incorrectly resets itself to the new ‘benchmark’ or ‘normal’ anxiety level for your body.
Even though you consciously know that it feels wrong, you are unable to consciously alter it once it has become set.

This process of learning is called Operant Conditioning. Scientists have known for many years that this is responsible for the production of all anxiety disorders, including panic attacks and phobias.

Under normal conditions, Operant Conditioning is used by the brain to acquire new knowledge, like learning to read, drive or play a musical instrument. Practicing (repeating) an action or group of actions causes us to improve the skill.

This same process happens in every single anxiety disorder sufferer. It is what causes anxiety, panic attacks and phobias. It is this and nothing else, which needs to be addressed and reversed in order to quickly and permanently eliminate anxiety, panic attacks, OCD, PTSD and agoraphobia.
All of these conditions, regardless of how severe they are or how long you have had them, are a result of the very same mechanism and therefore require the very same treatment.

Traditional methods, such as Psychology and Psychiatry, use ‘talking therapy’ to identify the cause of your anxiety or panic attacks, then analyze it over and over again, giving you exercises to follow or even diaries to fill in. The cause of anxiety disorders and panic attacks is not the ‘life event’ that created the stressful environment (abuse, bereavement, work stress etc.) The actual cause is the way the Amygdala responded to that event and continues to produce anxiety and panic attacks, long after the event (when the Amygdala ‘switch’ gets stuck ‘on’.)

So by revisiting the perceived ’causes’ during therapy and analyzing your actions, you are actually reinforcing the anxiety, practicing it and making it habitual, because it is remains at the very forefront of your mind!
Medication is often prescribed by doctors who, through lack of alternative options (or even desperation in some cases), believe that anxiety disorders, agoraphobia, PTSD and OCD are simply chemical conditions which require a ‘magic pill’ to reverse the chemical imbalance.

Doctors currently believe that anxious patients fit very snugly into the ‘Mental Illness’ category. Unfortunately, this is only convenient for them and not very productive for you – the suffering patient.

However, you cannot eliminate anxiety, panic attacks or phobias with medication alone. These problems aren’t caused by chemical imbalances. Any Psycho physiologist (brain function specialist) will tell you that anxiety disorders and panic attacks are caused purely by behaviour reactions to circumstances and not chemical imbalances! Charles Linden was an anxiety sufferer for many years until he worked out a way to ‘retrain’ the Amygdala so that it switches on and off correctly again, thus allowing the person to go back to leading a normal life.

By: Brian Gold

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The Amygdala gland can be easily re-programmed by the Linden Method (see www.worry.cjb.net) which very effectively cures all manner of anxiety, stress and panic attack problems. This also helps overweight people to diet easily and gain self-confidence. Find more details and benefits at www.worry.cjb.net.


PTSD, A Soldier’s Perspective

I am a Army veteran of the Gulf War, I was a driver of a Bradley Fighting Vehicle. My unit fought the Iraqi Republican Guard in three campaigns and my vehicle was point for the brigade.

No Heart for PTSD Sufferers

After the first Gulf war, many suffer from “Gulf War Syndrome.” Where do you draw the line? Moreover, PTSD is a treatable disease.

Gulf War Syndrome is Real

From CNN Gulf War illness is real, new federal report says. Perhaps we should learn to listen to our Veterans when they tell us they are sick; when PTSD is tearing their lives apart.

California’s Landmark Combat PTSD Case

The visit comes two months after a different research advisory committee finally determined that Gulf War illness is real, not an imaginary condition.

Gulf War Syndrome in the news

Many of you may not remember how much fuss there was about a strange affliction that veterans of the first Gulf War reported soon after they returned from the Middle East.

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